This do-it-yourself repair and service manual by Chilton, covers 1994-2001 KIA Sephia, 2000-2009 KIA Spectra, and 2005-2010 KIA Sportage SUV, 2WD or 4WD, U.S. and Canadian models.
These vehicles are available as four-door sedan, hatchback and Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) body styles.
Engines available include transversely-mounted 1.6L, 1.8L, 2.0L four-cylinder engines, and a 2.7L V6 engine, all equipped with electronic fuel injection (EFI) systems.
Transmissions offered are either a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic transaxle.
Book Excerpt: 1994-2010 Kia Sephia, Kia Spectra, Kia Sportage Repair Manual
FUEL AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS
The 2.7L V6 is a DOHC (Dual Overhead Cam) engine with aluminum heads, four valves per cylinder and a two-piece oil pan.
This Part of Chapter 2 is devoted to in-vehicle repair procedures for the V6 engine. Information concerning engine removal and installation and engine overhaul can be found in Part C of this Chapter.
The following repair procedures are based on the assumption that the engine is installed in the vehicle. If the engine has been removed from the vehicle and mounted on a stand, many of the steps outlined in this Part of Chapter 2 will not apply.
VALVE COVERS | REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
REMOVAL (Refer to illustrations 4.2, 4.6 and 4.7)
NOTE: This procedure applies to both the front and rear valve covers.
- Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal of the battery (see Chapter 5).
- Remove the engine cover (see illustration).
- If you're removing the front valve cover, drain the engine coolant (see Chapter 1) and remove the upper radiator hose (see Chapter 3).
- If you're removing the rear valve cover, remove the upper intake manifold (see Section 5). Depending on the year and model, there might be other brackets, supporting the upper intake manifold, that must be removed before you can remove the rear valve cover. If so, be sure to label them with respect to their location and keep them together with their fasteners.
- Disconnect the spark plug wires and remove the spark plugs (see Chapter 1). Also disconnect the electrical connectors for all engine wiring harnesses that are routed over the top of the valve cover(s) and set them aside.
To prevent confusion later, be sure to label everything as you disconnect it. Also remove any mounting brackets that prevent valve cover removal. Be sure to keep brackets and fasteners in order for reassembly.
- Remove the valve cover retaining bolts (see illustration), then remove the valve cover. If a cover sticks to the head, bump the end with a wood block and a hammer to jar it loose.
If that doesn't work, try to slip a flexible putty knife between the head and cover to break the seal.
CAUTION! Don't pry at the cover-to-head joint or damage to the sealing surfaces might occur, leading to oil leaks after the cover is reinstalled.
- Remove and inspect the old valve cover seal type gasket and the spark plug hole seals (see illustration).
1998 AND LATER MODELS
- To measure the fuel pressure, you'll need a fuel pressure gauge capable of reading up to 60 psi (414 kPa), some fuel hose and an adapter suitable for connecting the gauge to the Schrader valve-type service port on the fuel rail (see illustration).
Fuel pressure gauges and adapters are available at most auto parts stores.
- Relieve the system fuel pressure (see Section 2), then disconnect the cable from the negative battery terminal (see Chapter 5, Section 1).
- Locate the Schrader valve test port on the fuel rail, unscrew the cap and connect the fuel pressure gauge to the test port (see illustration).
- Reconnect the cable to the negative battery terminal (see Chapter 5, Section 1).
- Turn the ignition switch to ON (don't start the engine yet). The fuel pump should run for about two seconds - pressure should register on the gauge and should hold steady.
ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (ABS): GENERAL INFORMATION
- The anti-lock brake system is designed to maintain vehicle steerability, directional stability and optimum deceleration under severe braking conditions on most road surfaces.
It does so by monitoring the rotational speed of each wheel and controlling the brake line pressure to each wheel during braking. This prevents the wheels from locking up.
- The ABS system has three main components - the wheel speed sensors, the electronic control unit (ECU) and the hydraulic unit.
Four wheel speed sensors - one at each wheel - send a variable voltage signal to the control unit, which monitors these signals, compares them to its program and determines whether a wheel is about to lock up.
When a wheel is about to lock up, the control unit signals the hydraulic unit to reduce hydraulic pressure (or not increase it further) at that wheel's brake caliper.
Subject: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Kia Sephia, Kia Spectra, Kia Sportage service, maintenance, repair. ISBN-10: 1563929600 | ISBN-13: 9781563929601 | Chilton 43000