The Suspension, Steering, Driveline Manual by Haynes, covers front-wheel drive and rear-wheel drive cars and trucks, both domestic and imported vehicles.
Complete information that will allow you to:
Book Excerpt: Suspension, Steering, Driveline Manual: Foreign and Domestic Cars and Trucks
- Rebuild the front-end
- Replace shock absorbers and struts
- Overhaul the differential
- Replace driveaxles and boots
- Ride and handling improvements
- ...and much more!
PINION OIL SEAL | REPLACEMENT
(Refer to illustrations 19.4, 19.5, 19.6a, 19.6b, 19.7 and 19.8)
- Raise the rear of the vehicle and place it securely on jackstands.
- Remove the rear wheels and brake drums.
- Mark the driveshaft and companion flange for ease of realignment during reassembly, and then remove the driveshaft (see Section 7).
- Mark the relationship between the pinion and companion flange (see illustration).
- Using an inch-pound torque wrench, measure and record the torque required to turn the pinion nut through several revolutions (see illustration). This value, known as pinion bearing preload, will be used when the pinion flange is reinstalled.
- Using a suitable tool, hold the companion flange and remove the pinion nut (see illustration). Using a suitable puller (see illustration), remove the companion flange.
- Pry out the old seal with a seal removal tool (see illustration).
- Clean the oil seal mounting surface, and then tap the new seal into place, taking care to insert it squarely as shown (see illustration).
- Inspect the splines on the pinion shaft for burrs and nicks. Remove any rough areas with a crocus cloth. Wipe the splines clean.
- Install the companion flange, aligning it with the marks made during removal. Gently tap the flange on with a soft faced hammer until you can start the pinion nut on the pinion shaft.
- Using a suitable tool, hold the companion flange while tightening the pinion nut until all of the in and out free play is gone. Continue tightening, take frequent rotational torque measurements, using the inch-pound torque wrench, until the measurement recorded in Step 5 is reached.
The multi-link type rear suspension system (see illustration) uses strut/coil springs, a pair of lateral suspension arms and a trailing arm, or radius rod, at each corner.
The upper ends of the struts are attached to the vehicle body and their lower ends are attached to the upper ends of the rear knuckles.
The lower ends of the knuckles are attached to the outer ends of the lateral arms; the strut/knuckle/hub assemblies are positioned laterally by the trailing arms.
A stabilizer bar is attached to the vehicle by a pair of brackets and to the struts by link rods.
REAR STABILIZER BAR
(Refer to illustrations 16.2 and 16.3)
- Loosen the rear wheel lug nuts, raise the rear of the vehicle, support it securely on jackstands and remove the wheels.
- Remove the nuts from the link rods that attach the stabilizer to the struts (see illustration).
- Remove the bushing clamp nuts (see illustration) and remove the stabilizer.
- Inspect all clamp bushings. If they're cracked or torn, replace them.
- Installation is the reverse of removal. Be sure to tighten all fasteners securely.
Subject: Transportation: Driveline: Suspension, steering and driveline DIY manual for cars and trucks. ISBN-10: 1563922932 | ISBN-13: 9781563922930 | Haynes 10345