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Chilton's Automatic Transmission Diagnosis and Repair: Auto Transmissions and Transaxles
This repair and service manual covers automatic transmission and transaxle theory, maintenance, diagnosis and repair.
Book Excerpt: Chilton's Automatic Transmission Diagnosis and Repair: Auto Transmissions and Transaxles
FLUID COOLER FLOW TESTING: DESCRIPTION
There are two basic tests used to determine if the ATF cooler is functioning properly.
A flow test and a pressure test are used to provide information about cooler and transmission/ transaxle operation.
If the ATF cooler becomes clogged for any reason, the result will be reduced flow and less pressure in the lubrication circuit of the transmission.
The reduced flow will also raise the operating temperature of the fluid and greatly decrease the life of the fluid and the transmission/transaxle.
With the development of four speed transmissions/transaxles, good fluid flow is even more critical due to the reduced speed of the fluid pump.
Modern vehicles usually cruise at about 1500-1800 rpm at highway speeds. The speed of the pump is in direct relation to the speed of the engine.
In other words, the speed of the fluid pump in today's vehicles is considerably slower than the speed of the pumps in vehicles a decade ago.
SWITCHES AND RELAYS
Some electrical components which require a large amount of current to operate also have a relay in their circuit.
Since these circuits carry a large amount of current (amperage or amps), the thickness of the wire in the circuit (wire gauge) is also greater.
If this large wire were connected from the load to the control switch on the dash, the switch would have to carry the high amperage load and the dash would be twice as large to accommodate wiring harnesses as thick as your wrist.
To prevent these problems, a relay is used. The large wires in the circuit are connected from the battery to one side of the relay and from the opposite side of the relay to the load.
The relay is normally open, preventing current from passing through the circuit. An additional, smaller wire is connected from the relay to the control switch for the circuit.
When the control switch is turned on, it grounds the smaller wire to the relay and completes its circuit.
The main switch inside the relay closes, sending power to the component without routing the main power through the inside of the vehicle.
Some common circuits which may use relays are the horn, headlights, starter and rear window defogger systems.
TABLE of CONTENTS:
Sectional Views or Exploded Views
- Tools, Equipment and Safety
- Drivetrain Design
- Description and Operation: Hydraulic components
- Inspection, Maintenance and Accessories: Transmission and transaxle cooler service | Gasket identification, more
- Sympton Diagnosis
- Trouble Codes: General information | Retrieving, reading and clearing codes
- Transmission, transaxle testing
- Repair: On-vehicle repairs | Off-vehicle repairs | Transmission/transaxle exploded and sectional views
- Master index
- Acura Legend transaxle assembly components
- Acura NSX transaxle assembly components
- Acura Integra transaxle assembly components
- Chrysler 42RE transmission and component locations
- Chrysler 36RH transmission and component locations
- Chrysler W4A33 transmission and component locations
- Chrysler F4A33 transmission and component locations
- Chrysler F4A22 transmission and component locations
- Chrysler F4A21 transmission and component locations
- Chrysler F3A21 transmission and component locations
- Ford E40D transmission components
- Ford A4LD transmission components
- Ford 4R70W transmission components
- Ford 4R44E transmission components
- Ford AX4N transaxle and component locations
- Ford ATX transaxle and component locations
- Ford AXOD-E transaxle and component locations
- Ford E40D transmission components
- Ford AODE transmission components
- Ford CD4E transaxle components
- Ford AOD transaxle components
- GM 3T40 transaxle components
- GM 4T60-E transaxle components
- GM 4T65-E transaxle components
- GM 4L60 (700-R4) transmission components
- GM 4L60-E transmission components
- GM 3L80/3L80-HD transmission components
- Honda Civic early model automatic transaxle and components
- Honda 4L30-E transmission and components
- Honda Accord 1997 model, automatic transaxle and components
- Isuzu 4L30-E transaxle and components
- Isuzu AW30-80LE transmission component locations
- Isuzu JF403E transaxle component locations
- Mazda ? typical (pre 1998) transmission and transaxle components
- Mercedes Benz 722.6 transmission components
- Nissan RE4R01A transmission components
- Nissan RE4F03A transaxle components
- Nissan RL4F03A transaxle components
- Nissan RE4F03V transaxle components
- Subaru ? typical pre-1998 transmission components
- Toyota A241H transaxle components
- Toyota A243L transaxle components
- Toyota A340E (2JZ-GE) transmission components
- Toyota A340 (2JZ-GTE) transmission components
Subject: Automatic Transmission diagnosis and repair. ISBN-10: 0801989442 | ISBN-13: 9780801989445 | Chilton 8944
- Publisher: Chilton Manuals
- Pages: 384 - Hundreds of b&w photos and illustrations
- Binding: Paperback - 8.25 x 11 inches
- ISBN: 978-0-8019-8944-5